Cross-Modal Image Translation Between Imbalanced Domains

1Tel Aviv University
2Simon Fraser University



State-of-the-art image translation methods tend to struggle in an imbalanced domain setting, where one image domain lacks richness and diversity. We introduce a new unsupervised translation network, BalaGAN, specifically designed to tackle the domain imbalance problem. We leverage the latent modalities of the richer domain to turn the image-to-image translation problem, between two imbalanced domains, into a multi-class translation problem, more resembling the style transfer setting. Specifically, we analyze the source domain and learn a decomposition of it into a set of latent modes or classes, without any supervision. This leaves us with a multitude of balanced cross-domain translation tasks, between all pairs of classes, including the target domain. During inference, the trained network takes as input a source image, as well as a reference style image from one of the modes as a condition, and produces an image which resembles the source on the pixel-wise level, but shares the same mode as the reference. We show that employing modalities within the dataset improves the quality of the translated images, and that BalaGAN outperforms strong baselines of both unconditioned and style-transfer-based image-to-image translation methods, in terms of image quality and diversity.